Rosh Hashana Service
Oneg (Meal) in Gymnasium following the Service.
Rosh HaShana is the first Feast of Adonai (Moedim) that occurs in the autumn and falls on the first and second days of the Jewish month Tishri and comes sometime in September or October. It is also called “Yom haDin” or Day of Judgment. The blowing of the “Shofar” is a central part of this holiday. It calls the Jewish people to turn to God or announces that something special is about to happen. Traditionally, Genesis 22, (The Akedah) the story of Abraham and Isaac, is read on this holiday.
Rosh HaShana is both a somber and joyful day since it is a day of repentance or judgment and celebrates the birthday of the world. It is celebrated for two days. Families gather together for a special meal where honey cake is eaten as well as apple slices dipped in honey, symbolizing the sweetness of a new year. The traditional Sabbath sweet bread is served, but baked this time with either white or dark raisins and formed into a circle (crown) instead of a braided loaf.
In Jewish thought, God is the Ancient of Days and sits in judgment upon mankind during this time. The books of humankind are exposed before him and both good and bad deeds are visible. The “Shofar” is blown at the end of prayer services, and the ritual of “tashlich” is preformed where stones or the contents of a one’s pockets or bread become like mankind’s sins and are cast into a body of water or the ocean of forgetfulness. This comes from Micah 7:19, “And you will cast all our sins into the depths of the sea.”
11:00am - 1:00pm
Shabbat is Hebrew for Sabbath. You may be surprised to learn that the Sabbath is one of God’s appointed festivals (Leviticus 23:3 Genesis 2:2). After six days of Creation, God set apart the seventh day as a day of rest and remembrance for the whole world. After God rescued the Children of Israel from Egypt’s bondage, God further delineated that the Sabbath should have a sacred assembly—which in modern days essentially encourages doing no regular work and going to services. In Jewish households around the world, the Sabbath is a joyful celebration of God’s goodness. As believers in Yeshua (Jesus) the Jewish Messiah and Savior of the world, we know that our salvation does not rest in our works, but what He has done for us (Ephesians 2:9). How beautiful that we can celebrate this miraculous event every week!
“Work is to be done on six days; but the seventh day is a Shabbat of complete rest, a holy convocation; you are not to do any kind of work; it is a Shabbat for Adonai, even in your homes.” (Leviticus 23:3 CJB)
2:30pm - 4:00pm
A Parasha (Hebrew: פָּרָשָׁה Pārāšâ “portion,” plural: parashot or parashiyot) formally means a section of a Biblical book in the Masoretic Text of the Tanach (Hebrew Bible). In the Masoretic Text, Parasha sections are designated by various types of spacing between them, as found in Torah scrolls, scrolls of the books of Nevi’im (Prophets) or Ketuvim (Writings, especially Megillot), masoretic codices from the Middle Ages and printed editions of the masoretic text.
The division of the text into parashot for the Biblical books is independent of chapter and verse numbers, which are not part of the masoretic tradition. Parashot are not numbered, but some have special names.
The division of parashot found in the modern-day Torah scrolls of all Jewish communities is based upon the systematic list provided by Maimonides in Mishneh Torah, Laws of Tefillin, Mezuzah and Torah Scrolls, Chapter 8. Maimonides based his division of the parashot for the Torah on the Aleppo Codex. The division of parashot for the books of Nevi’im and Ketuvimwas never completely standardized in printed Hebrew Bibles and handwritten scrolls, though important attempts were made to document it and create fixed rules.
A parasha break creates a textual pause, roughly analogous to a modern paragraph break. Such a pause usually has one of the following purposes:
To decide exactly where a new topic or thought begins within a Biblical text involves a degree of subjectivity on the part of the reader. This subjective element may help explain differences amongst the various masoretic codices in some details of the section divisions (though their degree of conformity is high). It may also explain why certain verses which might seem like introductions to a new topic lack a section division, or why such divisions sometimes appear in places where no new topic seems indicated. For this reason, the parashah divisions may at times contribute to Biblical exegesis.
Parashot appear in manuscripts as early as the Dead Sea Scrolls, in which the division is generally similar to that found in the masoretic text. The idea of spacing between portions, including the idea of “open” and “closed” portions, is mentioned in early midrashic literature and the Talmud. Early masoretic lists detailing the Babylonian tradition include systematic and detailed discussion of exactly where portions begin and which type they are.
As a group, Tiberian masoretic codices share similar but not identical parasha divisions throughout the Bible. Unlike the Babylonian mesorah, however, Tiberian masoretic notes never mention the parasha divisions or attempt to systematize them. This is related to the fact that the Babylonian lists are independent compositions, while the Tiberian notes are in the margins of the biblical text itself, which shows the parashot in a highly visible way.
In the centuries following the Tiberian mesorah, there were ever-increasing efforts to document and standardize the details of the parasha divisions, especially for the Torah, and even for Nevi’im and Ketuvim as time went on.
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6:30pm - 8:00pm
Yahrzeit Service (Candle Memorial) at 2:30pm. This is a special time to remember our dear loved ones who have passed on and to share a few precious words about them. Proverbs 10:7 says, “The memory of the righteous is a blessing.” We will also be celebrating the Messiah’s Supper.
“Break the Fast” Meal & Havdalah Service – TIME AND LOCATION COMING!
Yom Kippur is Hebrew for the Day of Atonement. To atone means to cover—as in the blood covering over sin. Held ten days after Yom Teruah/Rosh HaShana, the Day of Atonement was and is considered the holiest day of the year (Leviticus 23:26-32). It was this day and this day only that the high priest went into the Tabernacle/Temple’s Holy of Holies. Here he placed the sacrificial blood on the Ark of the Covenant to make atonement for the nation of Israel. Leviticus 16 goes into great detail about the ceremony.
The symbolisms of God’s grace and mercy, and most especially what Yeshua/Jesus would do thousands of years later, are worthy of study. Of all the Biblical Feasts, only Yom Kippur is a day of fasting and prayer. Breaking the fast occurs at sundown.
It’s clear why the Day of Atonement is considered the holiest day of the year. For us as Believers in the eternal High Priest Yeshua/Jesus, this day is a beautiful reminder of His sacrifice. According to Hebrews Chapters 3-10, Yeshua, as High Priest, brought His own blood to the heavenly Ark of the Covenant and sprinkled it there as an eternal atonement for those who accept Him. Hebrews 9:16-28 is one of the most beautiful images of how Yeshua fulfilled that commandment of God—not only on earth, but also in heaven.
Yom Kippur Video – This video clip, which was produced especially for the Jewish High Holidays, shows the IDF Chief Cantor and IDF Soldiers singing the prayer “Unetanneh Tokef” in the Great Synagogue in Tel Aviv. This prayer is part of the liturgy recited on Yom Kippur, which concerns God determining who will die and who will live in the coming year. This video features footage of the Yom Kippur War and one of its heroes, Brig. Gen. (res.) Avigdor Kahalani, who was a battalion commander in the Armored Brigade, fought in the battle of the Valley of Tears, and was awarded a Medal of Valor.
Oneg (Meal) in Gymnasium following the Service
Sukkot is Hebrew for Tabernacles. The last festival of the Biblical calendar, the Feast of Tabernacles also closes the holy season. And what a joyous Festival it is. For eight days the Jewish people celebrate the final harvest and God’s provision for them in the wilderness. Around the world, many Jewish families build a temporary hut called a sukkah and spend eight days eating and fellowshipping with family and friends as a reminder of their forty years in the wilderness until they reached the Promise Land–Israel. Families, or a family member, had to come to Jerusalem to celebrate, and the first and last days were sacred assemblies. Interestingly, this is the only festival God commands all of the nations to celebrate (Zechariah 14:16-19) in Jerusalem.
Zechariah 14:16-19 says, “Then all who survive from all the nations that came to attack Jerusalem will go up annually to worship the King, the Lord who rules over all, and to observe the Feast of Tabernacles. But if any of the nations anywhere on earth refuse to go up to Jerusalem to worship the King, the Lord who rules over all, they will get no rain. If the Egyptians will not do so, they will get no rain – instead there will be the kind of plague which the Lord inflicts on any nations that do not go up to celebrate the Feast of Tabernacles. This will be the punishment of Egypt and of all nations that do not go up to celebrate the Feast of Tabernacles.”
It would take volumes to delve into the wonderful symbolisms of Sukkot: the exquisiteness of these last three Festivals being the Call, the Atonement and the Final Harvest; that our bodies are only temporary dwellings until we reach our “Promised Land” and find our eternal home (2 Corinthians 5); that Yeshua/Jesus “tabernacled” among us (John 1:14); when Yeshua/Jesus celebrated Sukkot in the Temple, He announced He was the Living Waters in fulfillment of Isaiah 12:3 (John 7:37-39) and so much more.
Simchat Torah, “Rejoicing over the Torah,” God’s Word is a very joyous Synagogue celebration. It occurs on the 23rd of Tishri, the day after Shemini Atzeret, the 8th and final day of Sukkot. It celebrates the transition from the last reading of the annual Torah reading cycle (Deuteronomy 33-34); to the first reading of the annual Torah cycle (Genesis 1:1-2:3).
Come join us in the 7 Hakafot Parade, with candy, apples, flags, etc.
EVERYONE HAS THE OPPORTUNITY TO READ FROM THE TORAH!